Sound

Pipes of pan

We have scaled this up to two full octaves and allow the non-musical to play tunes.

We use 25 black and white tubes in the pattern of a piano keyboard to build the instrument itself creating two octaves of notes. The second octave hugely increases the number of tunes you can play.

Organ of Ruben's tubes

The tubes are arranged so they are all horizontal, but stacked on a slope so they can be seen from the front, without cooking each other.

The holes in the tubes are close enough together that the tube will relight itself which makes it much easier to use and safer.

Every tube has its own flow valve so the flame lengths can be balanced.

Laser cello

This consists of a laser pointing at a light sensor across a gap. The light sensor is connected to a speaker, so if you move an object like a piece of mesh across the gap it will block the light many times a second you produce sound.

You can experiment with moving different objects with different patterns of holes, such as sieves, fabrics, combs etc, at different speeds to see what sounds they make.

You can also make acetates with sound patterns printed onto them and produce more complex sounds. This is how sound was stored on film until digital audio was introduced.

Seeing sound

As well as seeing the relationships between speed of vibration and pitch, and size of vibration and volume, this allows you to see differences in the sounds you make. The different vowel sounds look different, as do 's' sounds, adult male voices produce much more messy waveforms than do children's voices.

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